Concern: what is the big difference between the indicators of PCOS and pituitary tumor?
Reply by darealqueen
Symptoms and signs and symptoms
Widespread indicators of PCOS include
Oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea – irregular, few, or absent menstrual intervals cycles that do arise might comprise hefty bleeding (large bleeding is also an early warning sign of endometrial most cancers, for which girls with PCOS are at larger risk)
Infertility, typically ensuing from continual anovulation (deficiency of ovulation)
Elevated serum (blood) ranges of androgens (male hormones), specifically testosterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), leading to hirsutism and at times masculinization
Central obesity – “apple-shaped” weight problems centered around the reduce fifty percent of the torso
Androgenic alopecia (male-pattern baldness)
Acne, oily skin, seborrhea
Acanthosis nigricans (dim patches of skin, tan to dim brown or black)
Acrochordons (pores and skin tags) – little flaps of skin
Extended durations of PMS-like symptoms (bloating, mood swings, pelvic soreness, backaches)
Gentle symptoms of hyperandrogenism, this kind of as zits or hyperseborrhea, are regular in adolescent girls, and are often related with irregular menstrual cycles. In most situations, these signs are transient and only reflect the immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis in the course of the initial many years following menarche. 
Numerous cysts on the ovaries (a single kind of ovarian cyst). Sonographically they could appear like a string of pearls.
Enlarged ovaries, generally 1.5 to 3 occasions larger than normal, resulting from a number of cysts
Thickened, clean, pearl-white outer floor of ovary
The ratio of LH (Luteinizing hormone) to FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone) is greater than 1:1, as tested on Day 3 of the menstrual cycle.
Large amounts of testosterone.
Low levels of sex hormone binding globulin.
Signs and signs
Pituitary tumors that create hormones are called functioning tumors. Tumors that do not make hormones are identified as nonfunctioning pituitary tumors.
Diverse varieties of working tumors can create in your pituitary gland, every causing specific signs and signs:
Adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing tumors. These pituitary tumors produce the hormone adrenocorticotropin, which stimulates your adrenal glands to make the hormone cortisol. When your adrenal glands generate too a lot cortisol, a problem named Cushing’s syndrome occurs. Signs and signs and symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome may include excess weight acquire all around your midsection and upper back, exaggerated facial roundness, a attribute hump on the higher portion of your back, large blood pressure, muscle weak point and thinning of your skin.
Progress hormone-creating tumors. These tumors create extra development hormone. The bodily consequences from surplus development hormone (acromegaly) may possibly contain coarsened facial functions, enlarged palms and feet, large blood strain and heart difficulties. Accelerated and too much growth (gigantism) may take place in youngsters.
Prolactin-creating tumors. Overproduction of prolactin from a pituitary tumor (prolactinoma) can cause a lessen in normal stages of sex hormones — estrogen in girls and testosterone in men. Too much prolactin in the blood (hyperprolactinemia) can impact men and females in a different way.
In ladies, prolactinoma might cause irregular menstrual durations (oligomenorrhea), lack of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) and milky discharge from the breasts (galactorrhea).
In men, a prolactin-creating tumor may result in male hypogonadism, which may include indications and signs such as enlarged breasts (gynecomastia), erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence, infertility, lessen in physique hair, and loss of desire in sexual activity.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone-generating tumors. When a pituitary tumor overproduces thyroid-stimulating hormone, your thyroid gland tends to make too considerably of the hormone thyroxine. This is a rare cause of hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid condition. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate your body’s metabolic rate, leading to unexpected bodyweight loss, a speedy or irregular heartbeat, and nervousness or irritability.
Working and nonfunctioning pituitary tumors may possibly result in other signs and symptoms, which includes:
Eyesight alterations, such as diminished peripheral vision or double eyesight
Clear, watery nasal drainage
Low blood pressure
Unintended excess weight reduction or acquire